Can the second Trump-Kim summit end the Korean War?
Seoul (AFP) Feb 8, 2019 –
The second summit between US President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has raised hopes for the longest ceasefire in history to be replaced by a peace treaty.
Seoul and Pyongyang remain technically at war after the 1950-53 Korean War ended with an armistice.
Stephen Biegun, the US special envoy for North Korea, said last week that Trump was “ready to end this war”, fuelling speculation that the formal end of the conflict may be near, with Trump and Kim meeting in Vietnam this month.
But analysts say a full peace treaty poses many complications, and will need extensive negotiations.
What is the current situation?
The 1950-53 Korean War ended with an armistice rather than a peace treaty, leaving the two neighbours technically still in a state of conflict.
The signatories to the armistice included the US-led United Nations Command, which fought alongside the South’s troops, as well as China and North Korea.
Declaring an end to the war was one of the agreements at the first summit between Kim and South Korean President Moon Jae-in last year, but little progress has been made, with the US and the North at loggerheads over Pyongyang’s nuclear arsenal.
In his New Year’s speech, Kim called for “multi-party negotiations for replacing the current ceasefire… with a peace mechanism in close contact with the signatories to the armistice agreement”.
Who wants a peace treaty, and why?
For Pyongyang, a peace treaty is vital to regime survival as it will mean “North Korea and the US are no longer enemies”, said Koo Kab-woo, a professor at the University of North Korean Studies in Seoul.
South Korea’s dovish Moon — with a slogan of creating a peninsula “free of war” — is also a supporter.
But Washington has been wary as the treaty could bring into question the justification …read more
From:: Nuke Wars – Spacewar.com